This volume of variations on raga Yaman opens with a modern jazz-influenced rendition by the Neel Murgai Ensemble. A New York based ‘chamber’ quartet led by sitarist Murgai, NME creates intricate, finely spiced musical atmospheres that draw on Indian classical, jazz, and gypsy music.
Also included is bansuri master Pannalal Ghosh‘s beloved Yaman, a couple of film songs from Umrao Jan Ada (1981) and Junglee (1961), Farida Khanum’s spectacular romantic ghazal Woh Mujh Se Hoay Humkalam Allah Allah as well as interpretations in a Western classical and contemporary jazz setting.
Yaman, also known as Kalyani, is by Indian classical music standards a relatively un-ancient raga. It first emerged in the 16th century with some claiming it was a composition of Mian Tansen and that he based it upon a Persian structure known as ‘Ei Man’. In Pakistan and Afghanistan the raga is often referred to as Eeman (in many varied spellings) and I have concluded this collection with a wonderful Afghan take on the raga by Ustad Mohammad Omar, the famous rubab player.
Yaman emerged from the parent musical style of Kalyan, itself a style of classical Carnatic musical tradition called thaat. Considered to be one of the most fundamental ragas in the Hindustani Classical tradition, it is thus often one of the first ragas taught to students. In the context of traditional standards of performance, Yaman ragas are considered suitable to play at any time of the day, but they are traditionally performed in the evening. (Wikipedia).
Given its close relationship to Carnatic music the centerpiece of this collection is a stunning live recital by South Indian/Sri Lankan violinist L. Subramaniam and shenai nawaz Ustad Bismillah Khan. Listen carefully to this piece and to the playfulness, mastery and virtuosity of both musicians as they play off each other. It delights and enshivers!
Rudresh Mahantappa‘s group Dakshina Ensemble which features South Indian saxophone innovator Kadri Gopalnath and Pakistani American guitar whiz Rez Abbasi also explores the Carnatic original in their massive track Kalyani.
I hope you enjoy this collection as much I do!
01 Evening In A_ Raga Yaman [Neel Murgai Ensemble]
02 Raga Yaman [Pannalal Ghosh]
03 Zindagi Jab Bhi [Talat Aziz]
04 Raga Yaman [L Subramaniam and Bismillah Khan]
05 Yaman Kalyan (Largo moderato)[ Zubin Mehta and Ravi Shankar]
06 Ehsan Tera Hoga Mujhpar [Mohmmad Rafi]
07 Raga Emen Kalyan [Pt. Pratap Narayan and Kankana Banerjee]
08 Kalyani [Rudresh Mahantappa and Dakshina Ensemble]
09 Woh Mujh Se Hoay Humkalam Allah Allah [Farida Khanum]
10 Shakal and naghma in the melodic mode of Emen (Yaman) [Ustad Mohammad Omar]