Ragamala Vol 2: Darbari

Mian Tansen

Mian Tansen

Raga Darbari is a difficult raga to master and is generally played or sung only by accomplished senior musicians.  It is also one of the most beautiful of north Indian ragas full of majesty and subtle grace.  Its emotional impact is profound and it is traditionally played in the late hours of the night.

 

The name darbari means, ‘of the court’ in the Persian derived Urdu lingua franca of north Indian (and Pakistani) Muslims.  While some have traced the origins of this raga to Carnatic music, its current formulation is attributed to one of India’s greatest medieval composers, Mian Tansen who worked under the patronage of the grandest Mughal Akbar the Great.

 

Darbari is part of the Kannada family of ragas is often referred to as Darbari Kannada. (For more detailed information on this raga click here.)

 

This collection brings together six pieces of music based upon raga darbari: three classical, one ghazal, and two Hindi film songs.

 

The first is a rendition of Raga Darbari by the Pakistani brothers Amanat and Fateh Ali Khan, proponents of the Patiala gharana (school) of Hindustani gayaki (classical singing).

 

Track two is a very popular ghazal based upon darbari, sung by the beloved Ghulam Ali, also of Pakistan: Hangama hai kyon barpa todi si jo pi li hai.

 

The third selection is played on the sarangi, one of the most challenging instruments in the Indian orchestra to master. It is the first two ‘movements’ of Raga Darbari, the alap and jor, played beautifully by Ustad Sabri Khan, of Moradabad in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

 

Many Hindi film songs, especially in the early days of Indian cinema, were composed upon the structures of different ragas. Track four, O Duniya ke Rakhwale, from the classic picture, Baiju Bawra, is a majestic spine tingling masterpiece composed by Naushad and sung by the genius Mohammad Rafi.  Track five comes from the 1951 film Malhar and is sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Mukesh, Kahan ho tum.

 

The set is wrapped up by another stunning interpretation of the raga by Pandit Jasraj which is considered one of the great renditions of darbari ever recorded.

 

Enjoy!

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Track Listing:

  1. Raga Darbari (Ustad Amanat Ali Khan and Ustad Fateh Ali Khan) vocal
  2. Hangama Hai Kyon Barpa (Ghulam Ali) ghazal
  3. Raga Darbari – Alap and Jor (Ustad Sabri Khan) instrumental
  4. O Duniya ke Rakhwale (Mohammad Rafi) film song
  5. Kahan ho Tum (Lata Mangeshkar and Mukesh)
  6. Raga Darbari (Pandit Jasraj)

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